Society X

the Great Universe

Category: Astronomy

Herschel, Slough and the discovery of Mimas

by 5ocietyx

Frederick William Herschel was the first man to discover the DS-1 orbital Battle Station Mimas, a moon of Saturn.

Although he also wrote 24 sympthonies and other musical work, his telescope became the talk of the town attracting royalty to Observatory House, his home in Slough.

He also made the discovery of the planet Uranus, along with two of its major moons (Titania and Oberon), and also discovered another of Saturn’s moons – Enceladus. In addition, he was the first person to discover the existence of infra-red radiation.

On 1 March 1774 he began an astronomical journal by noting his observations of Saturn’s rings and the Great Orion Nebula (M 42).

From 1782 to 1802, Herschel conducted systematic surveys in search of “deep sky” or nonstellar objects

Herschel's telescope in Slough

Herschel’s telescope in Slough


The Moonwalk of the Callanish Stones

by 5ocietyx

The Callanish Stones

The Callanish Stones

The Callanish Stones are situated near the village of Callanish on the west coast of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides.

It is probable that Callanish (or Calanais) – which comprises two other stone circles in addition to the main site – was built some 5,000 years ago as a lunar calendar. The path of the moon, unlike the reliably annual tracks of the sun, only returns to the same point once every 18.6 years. Callanish plots this slow progress, building to a crescendo in the 19th year at the lunar standstill – when the path of the moon is so low that it seems to walk along the horizon before setting within the stone circle.

Callanish’s mystery to the expectant crowd is not merely in the stones, but in their setting within a sacred landscape. To the south-west of the stones is a low, undulating hill known to the local people in Gaelic as Cailleach na Mointeach – the old woman of the moors, or Sleeping Beauty as she is more affectionately known. The contours look irresistibly like a reclining woman. At the lunar standstill the moon rises from behind this hill, tip-toes across her supine body and sets four hours later behind the Clisham, another sacred hill.

This moonwalk will happen throughout the summer once a month until September, and will draw hundreds for a number of reasons. Some people come to worship the full moon, others to witness the goddess walking the earth. All come in expectation of a spiritual experience and to feel the energy of the planet.

The Callanish Stones

The Callanish Stones

The Callanish Stones aerial

The Callanish Stones aerial

Olympic torch visits Callanish stones

Analemma: the Sky-walk of Solaris

by 5ocietyx

This is what the sun’s annual pilgrimage across the heavens looks like.

In astronomy, an analemma from Greek ἀνάλημμα “pedestal of a sundial”) is a curve representing the changing angular offset of a celestial body (usually the Sun) from its mean position on the celestial sphere as viewed from another celestial body (usually the Earth). The term is used when the observed body appears, as seen from the viewing body, to move in a way that is repeated at regular intervals, such as once a year or once a day. The analemma is then a closed curve, which does not change.

Because of the Earth’s annual revolution around the Sun in an orbit that is elliptical and tilted relative to the plane of the equator, an observer at a fixed point on the Earth sees the Sun appear to move in an analemma around a mean position, taking a year to do so. The mean position appears to revolve around the Earth once every mean solar day, because of the Earth’s rotation. This daily revolution is not considered to be averaged out to get the mean. The mean position of the Sun is therefore at the same place in the sky at the same time every day, but not at other times.

Therefore if the observed position of the Sun in the sky is plotted or photographed at the same time every day, or every few days, for a year, the points trace out the analemma.

The Analemma and the Temple of Olympian Zeus

The Analemma and the Temple of Olympian Zeus Credit & Copyright: Anthony Ayiomamitis

See’s article for an in depth scientific explanation of this sublime sacred geometry movement hidden from our perception by time but bought into view by photography and patience. All you need to do is photograph the same spot at the same time over the course of a year.

Infinity symbol

Infinity symbol

Infinity symbol

The Sun’s percieved journey over a year is an exquistite if lob-sided infinity symbol

The Sighthill Stones face destruction

by 5ocietyx

Sign the petition below to stop Glasgow council scrapping the Sighthill Stones, the first meaningful stone circle to have been constructed in the modern age, by the Scottish Astronomer Duncan Lunan.

In 1973 Duncan Lunan reported to the British Interplanetary Society that he had identified and deciphered a hidden radio message sent by an alien space probe, caught but overlooked in the late 1920s by a collaboration of Norwegian and Dutch researchers. Lunan maintained that the putative message came from an object at the L5 point in the same orbit as the Moon, sent by the inhabitants of a planet orbiting Epsilon Boötis.

He concluded the message was “Start here. Our home is Upsilon Bootes, which is a double star. We live on the sixth planet of seven, coming from the sun, which is the larger of the two. Our sixth planet has one moon. Our fourth planet has three. Our first and third planets each have one. Our probe is in the position of Arcturus, known in our maps.”

London’s forgotten Arcadia

by 5ocietyx

Richmond hill

Sunset on Richmond Hill. photo 5ocietyx

By the 17th century the region had become a haven for artists, philosophers, mystics and kings. They settled here, inspired by romantic vistas and the promise of a cultured, disease free life. A century later their King erected a Meridian down the centre of the River Thames. Curiously, it appears to have been positioned in such a way as to commemorate the rivers most sacred landmarks, symbolically intersecting them, joining them together in a sacred landscape they called Arcadia.

From the thought provoking andrew gough’s arcadia

Richmond Hill

Richmond Hill. photo 5ocietyx

“Trams and dusty trees.
Highbury bore me. Richmond and Kew
Undid me. By Richmond I raised my knees
Supine on the floor of a narrow canoe.”
The Wasteland, T.S Eliot

Folly, Ham

Folly, Ham. photo 5ocietyx

Ham House, Ham

Ham House, Ham. photo 5ocietyx

Old Isleworth

Old Isleworth. photo 5ocietyx

Richmond Hill @ sunset

Richmond Hill @ sunset. photo 5ocietyx

Whirlpool vortex appears in hexagon on Saturn

by 5ocietyx


Whirlpool vortex appears in Hexagon on Saturn’s north pole.

The whirlpool vortex is 1200 miles across and has appeared in the middle of the North Pole Hexagon

North Pole Hexagon on Saturn

North Pole Hexagon on Saturn: taken on November 27, 2012 and received on Earth November 27, 2012

According to NASA  ‘Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft imaged the (hexagon) feature over two decades ago.’

The hexagon is a symbol of Saturn. A cube viewed from a corner angle from above or below forms a hexagon. The black cube is also a symbol of Saturn.

Black cube

Black cube

Related post: The Titan Supercomputer

Bryn Celli Ddu – The Mound in the Dark Grove

by 5ocietyx

Another neolithic treasure from Anglesey, Wales, dated to around 4000 years ago.

taken from –

The Square Kilometre Array

by 5ocietyx

Square Kilometre Array

Square Kilometre Array layout

The Square Kilometre Array will be the world’s largest telescope with thousands of dishes in Australia and South Africa connected by fibre optic cables that will require capacity greater than the total internet traffic of the world.

The antennas will be arranged in five spiral arms extending to distances of at least 3 000 km from the centre of the array.

The spiral layout has been chosen as this gives many different distances (baselines) and angles between antennas resulting in very high resolution imaging capability. The perfect layout would be a random arrangement that maximises the number of different baselines and angles between antennas. However the practicalities of construction, as well as linking the antennas together with cables, mean that the spiral configuration is the best trade off between image resolution and cost.

It will be able to survey the sky 10000 times faster than before.

The project is due to commence in 2016 for completion in 2024


SKA radio telescopes

St Michael and St Mary lines

by 5ocietyx

The St. Michael Line

According to Jiro Olcott if you were given a ruler and a map (or better still Google Earth) and asked to draw the longest line in Britain without crossing water you will end up with a track that stretches from the tip of Lands End to the Norfolk coast near the town of Hopton.

This old straight track is known as the St Michael and St Mary line.

Olcott goes on to say

Coincidentally this also happens to be the exact axis along which the May Day sun rises over Britain.

This is not the only astronomical coincidence. The distance from coast to coast between these two end-points of Lands End and Hopton measures 365.24 miles precisely.

1 solar year = 365.242199 days

Stone circles, abbeys, tors, mounts, churches, man-made mounds, castles, holy wells and henges have been situated all along these currents. Academia would dismiss this holographic cryptogram as a mere sequence of happy coincidences or simply irrelevant.

Lands End


evidence removed at request of copyright holder

It is 365.00 miles precisely to the circular grass entrance to Lands End that is marked with stones.

Lands End

If the creative force of the universe is able to create the universe perhaps it can intelligently design the dimensions of an island, the undulations of the land or the flow of a river any way it so pleases.

Geocentric orbit of Venus

by 5ocietyx

Geocentric orbit of Venus

image courtesy of

This sacred geometry artwork is the motion of Venus from our perspective on Earth.

view video demonstration here
run applet model here

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