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Category: Rome

Further thoughts on Boudica’s ‘Andred’

by totalgooched

In a previous piece we speculated on the origins of the goddess invoked by the Briton Queen Boudica in her famous last stand against the Roman invaders, in 67 AD.

https://5ocietyx.wordpress.com/2014/04/22/andred-ancient-goddess-of-the-druids/

On page 177 of Richard Carlyon’s excellent book ‘A Guide to the Gods’ we find a description of the Greek goddess Nemesis.

Nemesis

Goddess of destiny; alias Adrasteia, ‘the inevitable’

7

Wikipedia has a listing for ‘Adrestia (Greek: Ἀδρήστεια) in Greek mythology ‘she who cannot be escaped’ was the daughter of Ares and Aphrodite and known to accompany her father Ares to war. She was venerated as a goddess of revolt, just retribution and sublime balance between good and evil. Because of her role in revenge and retribution, she was usually portrayed with Nemesis, and sometimes identical to Nemesis herself, who had the epithet of Adrestia or Adrasteia.’

Were the Greeks known to the Druids, or more importantly, were the Druids known to the Greeks? The answer is, yes. In fact, the Greeks believed that the study of philosophy originated with the barbarian magicians, such as the Druids.

‘The earliest record of the druids comes from two Greek texts of c. 300 BCE: one, a history of philosophy written by Sotion of Alexandria, and the other a study of magic widely attributed to Aristotle. Both texts are now lost, but were quoted in the 2nd century CE work Vitae by Diogenes Laertius.[55]

Some say that the study of philosophy originated with the barbarians. In that among the Persians there existed the Magi, and among the Babylonians or Assyrians the Chaldaei, among the Indians the Gymnosophistae, and among the Celts and Gauls men who were called druids and semnothei, as Aristotle relates in his book on magic, and Sotion in the twenty-third book of his Succession of Philosophers.

— Diogenes Laertius, Vitae, Introduction, Section 1[56]

Subsequent Greek and Roman texts from the third century BCE refer to “barbarian philosophers”,[57] possibly in reference to the Gaulish druids.’

So its quite possible that the Greeks took some of the gods of their pantheon from the Druids, whom they considered philosophically superior, with Adrasteia being just one such goddess.

So in light of this information, wouldn’t it make much more sense that Boudica – who, having been humiliated by the Romans when they raped her daughters and stole her land, was leading a revolt against the invaders – was instead invoking the goddess of revolt, retribution and justice ‘Adrasteia’, rather than ‘Andrasta’, who was merely a mother goddess loosely associated with war? The incident with the hare seems to suggest that an element of redressing balance was present in the ritual performed by Boudica in that field many years ago, a retribution that would eventually befall the Romans, when centuries later it would be the Welsh Briton Queen Helena who effectively brought about the dissolution of their empire, by encouraging her son Constantine to adopt Christianity as the official religion.

queen-druid

Queen Elizabeth II in Druidic costume

taken from –

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Druid#Greek_and_Roman_records

https://5ocietyx.wordpress.com/2014/04/22/andred-ancient-goddess-of-the-druids/

Andred, Ancient Goddess of the Druids?

by 5ocietyx

boudica

Andred is a little-known goddess of the pre-Roman British isles, whom the Romans referred to as Andraste. It was said by Roman historian Dio that she was invoked by Boudica before the Iceni rebellion of 60AD.

Boudica’s speech, taken from Roman History, by Cassius Dio:

Let us, therefore, go against them trusting boldly to good fortune. Let us show them that they are hares and foxes trying to rule over dogs and wolves.”

When she had finished speaking, she employed a species of divination, letting a hare escape from the fold of her dress; and since it ran on what they considered the auspicious side, the whole multitude shouted with pleasure, and Buduica, raising her hand toward heaven, said:

“I thank thee, Andraste, and call upon thee as woman speaking to woman; for I rule over no burden-bearing Egyptians as did Nitocris, nor over trafficking Assyrians as did Semiramis (for we have by now gained thus much learning from the Romans!),  much less over the Romans themselves as did Messalina once and afterwards Agrippina and now Nero (who, though in name a man, is in fact a woman, as is proved by his singing, lyre-playing and beautification of his person); nay, those over whom I rule are Britons, men that know not how to till the soil or ply a trade, but are thoroughly versed in the art of war and hold all things in common, even children and wives, so that the latter possess the same valour as the men.

As the queen, then, of such men and of such women, I supplicate and pray thee for victory, preservation of life, and liberty against men insolent, unjust, insatiable, impious, — if, indeed, we ought to term those people men who bathe in warm water, eat artificial dainties, drink unmixed wine, anoint themselves with myrrh, sleep on soft couches with boys for bedfellows, — boys past their prime at that, — and are slaves to a lyre-player and a poor one too.

Wherefore may this Mistress Domitia-Nero reign no longer over me or over you men; let the wench sing and lord it over Romans, for they surely deserve to be the slaves of such a woman after having submitted to her so long. But for us, Mistress, be thou alone ever our leader.”

Dio Cassius

Published in Vol. VIII of the Loeb Classical Library edition, 1925

There are very few historical mentions of Andrad other than Dio, though some researchers have made comparisons to other goddesses, such as  NikeBellona, Magna Mater (Great Mother), Cybele, and Vacuna, as they are all goddesses who ride chariots. Our own opinion is that the Andred evoked by Boudica against the Romans bears more resemblance to the Egyptian deity Sehkmet.

Sekhmet, who is depicted as a lioness, the fiercest hunter known to the Egyptians, was seen as the protector of the pharaohs and led them in warfare. Sekhmet’s name comes from the Ancient Egyptian word “sekhem” which means “power”. Sekhmet’s name suits her function and means “the (one who is) powerful”. She also was given titles such as the “(One) Before Whom Evil Trembles”, “Mistress of Dread”, “Lady of Slaughter” and “She Who Mauls”. She was evoked before war and could only be satisfied with the blood of battle.

Of course, many researchers will be happy to dilute Andred down to the mother goddess, or the moon goddess, and there are enough connections to make a safe assumption like that. However, it is our belief that as the Romans – let alone modern pagans – were never privy to the secrets of the Druids, we cant just accept the Roman reports. We must question the orthodox viewpoint, which was based on Roman hatred of the older religion of the Britons.

We can see the Romans and the Druids held opposite religious beliefs. Dio states that when Boudica released a hare as a divination technique  ‘it ran on what they considered the auspicious side‘. Maybe he said this because the Britons’ auspicious side was the opposite to the Roman side. Romans would divine with birds, so if a bird flew to the left (sinistra) it was a bad omen.

Were Boudica and her people practising a left-handed religion? The Druidic tradition perhaps? And was the ‘rebellion’ of 61AD just about Boudica’s mistreatment?  The passage of time between the two events doesnt suggest so, especially when we look at the other event of the year 61, the destruction of the Druid base at Anglesey. Were Boudica, and the number of British tribes who supported her trying to make one last strike for the rebellion against the Romans, a rebellion which had been virtually non-stop since the apparent Roman ‘invasion’? It couldnt have escaped Boudica’s attention that the Druids – the highest spiritual authority bar none in pre-Roman Europe – were about to be destroyed forever. As a result of the Iceni rebellion the Roman forces were drawn away from Anglesey, did this allow some Druids to escape and go into hiding?

A curious reference comes from the Anglo-Saxons. A beautiful ancient forested area in the English county of Sussex known as ‘The Weald’ had by Anglo-Saxon times retained the name Andredes weald, meaning “the forest of Andred”.

Andred's forest

Could this forest have been a sacred grove of the Druidic goddess Andred? Interestingly, the Weald encompasses Ashdown forest, the scene not only of the Winnie the Pooh books, written by British Intellience asset AA Milne, but also of the infamous Druidic ritual of WWII, where Crowley, Flemming, Churchill et al gathered to repel the German forces.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sekhmet

Roman conquest of Britain: The Iceni rebellion

by 5ocietyx

Iceni coin, circa AD61

The Iceni were allies of the occupying Romans, but when Prasutagus the Iceni king and husband of the famous queen Boudica died he left his kingdom jointly to his daughters and the Roman emperor. The Romans, who only believed in paternal inheritance, ignored this and annexed the kingdom. Betrayed, the queen Boudica was flogged, her daughters raped.

In AD 60 or 61, the Roman governor of Britain Gaius Suetonius Paulinus was busy leading a devastating campaign on the Welsh island of Mona (Anglesey), a suspected hide-out for the British rebels. It was during this time, and apparently because of her disrespectful treatment at the hands of the Romans, Boudica led a united army of British tribes to revolt against the Romans.

A passage in Dio Cassius suggests Boudica used divination, and summoned the power of  Andraste, an ancient mystical British goddess:

“Let us, therefore, go against [the Romans], trusting boldly to good fortune. Let us show them that they are hares and foxes trying to rule over dogs and wolves.” When she [Boudica] had finished speaking, she employed a species of divination, letting a hare escape from the fold of her dress; and since it ran on what they considered the auspicious side, the whole multitude shouted with pleasure, and Boudica, raising her hand toward heaven, said: “I thank you, Andraste, and call upon you as woman speaking to woman … I beg you for victory and preservation of liberty.”

The army’s first port of call was the Roman-occupied Camulodunum (Colchester), former capital of the Trinovantes tribe. Boudica’s army overran the Romans, besieging the poorly defended survivors in their temple for two days before the city fell. Archaeology shows it was methodically demolished. The now legendary Legio IX Hispana (the Ninth Legion) were destroyed here, only the commander and some of his cavalry escaped. Still not satiated, Boudica and her army headed towards Londinium, a small Roman settlement barely twenty years old.

Roman Londinium

The Romans evacuated and abandoned Londinium. Archaeology shows that within the bounds of Roman Londinium a thick red layer of burnt debris covering coins and pottery dating before AD 60, whilst Roman-era skulls found in the Walbrook in 2013 were potentially linked to victims of the rebels. Verulamium (St Albans) was next to be destroyed.

In the three settlements destroyed, between seventy and eighty thousand people are said to have been killed. Tacitus says that the Britons had no interest in taking or selling prisoners, only in slaughter by gibbet, fire, or cross. Dio’s account gives more detail; that the noblest women were impaled on spikes and had their breasts cut off and sewn to their mouths, “to the accompaniment of sacrifices, banquets, and wanton behaviour” in sacred places, particularly the groves of Andraste. A lot of the more salacious information should be taken with a pinch of salt, as the Romans had no real way of knowing what happened to the cities after they had abandoned them.

The governor Suetonius regrouped his forces in the West Midlands, and despite being heavily outnumbered, defeated the Britons in the Battle of Watling Street.

The historian Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus tells us the crisis had almost persuaded Nero to abandon Britain when the victorious Suetonius decided to further punish the rebels, but an investigation headed by Nero led to Suetonius being replaced as governor by the more conciliatory Publius Petronius Turpilianus.

Could the traditional view of the Iceni rebellion beginning with a woman betrayed be another Roman invention which has passed over into common acceptance?

The fact is Boudica’s husband Prasutagus died in 50AD, and her ‘rebellion’ was not until eleven years later, eighteen years after the inital Roman ‘invasion’.  Prasutagus hadnt even faced the Roman’s as enemies on the battle field either, preferring to swear loyalty to the Romans in 43AD. Boudica displayed a knowledge of the old religion, summoning the goddess Andrad on the battle field, a goddess of whom virtually nothing is known. And finally, one other decisive event in British history was also happening at exactly the same time as the Iceni rebellion – The destruction of the Druid stronghold of Anglesey in Wales.

Map of Anglesey

Anglesey was the site of the Druidic sacred groves, and was possibly the centre of all Druidic knowledge and training. This was why it was so important for the Romans to completely destroy these ‘barbarian priests’ of the British isles, which was the European centre of the extremely ancient, influential and troublesome religion. As stated by Dio, Boudica also sacrificed prisoners of her rebellion in groves dedicated to the godddess Andraste.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massacre_of_the_Ninth_Legion

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boudicca

Britain: An Island of Tolerance…

by 5ocietyx

Geoffrey of Monmouth , in his tome ‘History of the Kings of Britain’ wrote that the founding father of Britain – a refugee named Brutus, a descendant of the Trojan hero Aeneas, who, with a large group of his fellows, was fleeing the aftermath of that historic war – was told in a dream he would find an island where he and his people could be free from tyranny and war. After sailing round Italy (and sort of founding Rome) and fighting through France, they came upon Britain (‘Bruton’), which was inhabited only by ancient giants. They treated the giants to some good old fashioned genocide, eventually settling the land and living happily ever after.

As Britain’s history unfolded some of it was cruelly obscured. The Druids – the Jedi-like spiritual advisers of ancient Europe – were almost entirely eradicated from the record by the Romans, who understood that as long as they continued to influence the indigenous populations of western Europe the Romans didn’t stand a chance of subjecting, sorry, civilizing the Celtic nations. The Druids established the first universities for example, and were well known throughout the continent as tolerant to all, as long as you came in peace. Celts were not so much a racial group but in fact scores of different tribes loosely associated through culture, but all were welcome in Britain, where they would travel to learn the ancient knowledge of the trees.

When the Romans finally gained the upper hand and successfully crossed the Thames at Brentford to invade Britain, it only took a couple of hundred years for the Britons to intermarry all the way to the top of Roman society. The emperor Constantine was the first Roman leader to adopt Christianity, after, according to some accounts, his mother Helena (who was apparently from Essex) saw a cross in a dream, which Constantine marked his soldiers with before they entered into the decisive battle of Rome against Maxentius. So the cruelty of Roman fascism was eventually toppled by their interaction with the British.

But let’s not forget the crimes committed by what then became the Roman Catholic Church, who went on to persecute the Pagans who lived in Europe and the Middle East. By this I mean of course the persecution of Muslims in the crusades to the holy land, and the hundreds of years of witch-hunts that turned the land – and the ages – Dark.

Sick of the control exerted on the hearts and minds of his countrymen by the Vatican, Henry VIII decided that it would be best if he opted out of European Union v 1.5, a decision that would cost Britain hundreds of years of bloody warfare, all in the name of spiritual freedom and tolerance. Henry (or his enlightened advisers) felt it wasn’t right that a central church should say what you were free to explore, be it spiritually or scientifically, so he, along with a handful of northern European countries, decided to rebel and thus the protestant movement was created. Unquestionably it was this decision that allowed the industrial revolution to take place, and so our modern world.

Perhaps what Geoffrey of Monmouth was trying to provide, with his possibly mythical character of Brutus is an excuse for the historically tolerant nature of the British people, as even he couldn’t explain it in purely social terms. It just was. And the Britain of recent history has been no different. She has broken every boundary of cultural exchange at each turn, and despite the well known disputes and atrocities that have been committed by kings, governments and businesses in the name of Britain, the attitude, or ‘Weltanschauung’ of the people is surprisingly laid back. If you reach her shores, and are willing to drop the bullshit and accept people for people, you’ll do fine. For isn’t it true that the British are a bastard breed, made up of hundreds of years of integration and cultural assimilation? Most refugees take the dramatic step to flee their homeland to escape persecution, for if they were happy under the rule of tyranny, they would simply stay put.

The contribution to British culture by immigrant populations is what makes Britain what it is today. From Medieval Sephardic Jews who brought battered fish from Spain, to the Polish, French and Italian citizens who fled Nazi occupation during WW2, everyone is welcome, as long as you can leave what you were fleeing behind. People would go to Britain expecting nothing other than a safe place to be who you really want to be, free from oppression. Of course, having an empire on which the sun never set helped with a constant influx of cultural ideas. After being the first country to abolish slavery 150 years before, Britain shipped in Jamaican and Indian immigrants in the 1950’s, who brought with them rich, colourful foods and new, poly-rhythmic music, both of which were assimilated, bastardised and regurgitated back out into the awe-struck gaze of the wider world, strengthened and renewed with hybrid vigour.

Even the English language is essentially a mix of Germanic (Viking and Saxon) and French; more proof that each time a new culture has arrived (even if by invasion) it has been gradually integrated and tempered by the nature of the people, or the energy of the isle.

It’s a well known fact that practically none of the significant features of modern British culture are defacto British. Curry, the nation’s favourite dish is Indian, London’s beloved Cockney slang is a mix of Romany and English, and from Merseybeat to Grime the music of Britain has been influenced by Black culture.

On the day of the 2005 July 7th terror attacks on London, Londoners didn’t run home and hide under their beds, or board planes and trains to foreign lands, or attack the fellows of the people accused of the bombings. They simply walked home, in traditional British fashion. They walked together in the face of adversity and whilst the summer sun beat down upon them they moaned about the trains not running, and how ridiculous and inconvenient it all was (at least this time they couldn’t moan about the weather).

The History of eccentricity also plays a large part in the Island’s cultural contribution to the world. Noel Coward, Quentin Crisp, Charlie Chaplin, Aleister Crowley, the Suffragettes, the sarong-wearing David Beckham and countless lords and ladies all play a part in the nurturing of individual and unique character or personality that the British are able to embrace and carry off more or less effortlessly, much to the constant gawping of other less confident nations, who appear way too conformist compared to the British. In other words, there is no country on Earth that does eccentric quite like the British.

Britain is and always has been about acceptance and tolerance of other people’s unique features. But this ‘credo’ is a two way street. The people expect you to be tolerant of their eccentricities, and in return they will show tolerance to yours. The slogan above the door so to speak should read ‘Welcome to Britain, you’re safe, now chill the fuck out’. It’s this tolerance that has in recent years almost disappeared. Fueled partly by an Americanized media based around sensationalism of news events, and partly by the intolerance of a few of the people who have decided to seek freedom (or money) in Britain, the danger of intolerance lurks and threatens to make true the prophecies of George Orwell, and his socialist dystopia 1984.

We can see the recent rise of the right – and the English Defence League in particular – as an up-swelling of the latent seething underbelly of all that is wrong about white, Anglo-centrism, or we can see their hostile stance towards others as a reaction to the intolerance of the supposed aggressor. Perhaps the EDL are more an indication that there is a societal problem today within Britain – and not the British people – that is yet to be dealt with in honest and frank terms. In other words, extreme views call for extreme reactions.

So as we rush head first into the future it’s time Britain became Great once again, and not for her empire, technical achievements or military wits. Its time for Britons of whatever race, religion, age or sexual persuasion to get in contact with the ancient energy of the island, an energy that encourages nothing but freedom to explore every facet of life, every nook and cranny of our short time on Earth. There is magic in the grass and trees of Britain, a force beyond the colour of one’s skin, or the god of one’s choosing. It is only through wholesale compliance to this law of tolerance by every citizen of Britain that we have had a modern world. From Brutus to Berners-Lee, via Boulton and Bacon, this revolutionary force has driven the whole of mankind’s progression for hundreds if not thousands of years, and so it is vitally important that we learn to once again obey this energy, or face a destiny where the Future is just a thing of the past.

In 1785, the English poet William Cowper wrote of slavery:

“We have no slaves at home – Then why abroad? Slaves cannot breathe in England; if their lungs receive our air, that moment they are free. They touch our country, and their shackles fall. That’s noble, and bespeaks a nation proud. And jealous of the blessing. Spread it then, And let it circulate through every vein.”

Meaning of the name ‘Nickelodeon’

by 5ocietyx

Nickelodeon logo

Nickelodeon or simply ‘Nick’ is an American cable and satellite television network that is operated by the MTV Networks Kids & Family Group unit of Viacom.

Its programming is directed at pre-teens, teenagers and infants.

‘Nickel’ means ‘devil’ in German. Odeons were Greek theatres where poets and musicians submitted work and contended for prizes.

Nickelodeon: ‘The Devil’s Theatre’.

Nicholas
masc. proper name, from Gk. Nikholaos, lit. “victory-people,” from nike “victory” + laos “people.” The saint (obit. 326 C.E.) was a bishop of Myra in Lycia, patron of scholars, especially schoolboys.

Saint Nicholas of Myra, ‘Old Nick’ became Santa Claus, that is  Saturn of Saturnalia which was celebrated around the same time as Christmas.

Februalia

by 5ocietyx

Frebruus Pope

On 11 February 2013, Benedict XVI announced his resignation, which is set to take effect on 28 February 2013, 8.00 pm making him the first pope to resign since Gregory XII in 1415.

Februalia was a month-long period of sacrifice and atonement, involving offerings to the gods, prayer, and sacrifices. If you were a wealthy Roman who didn’t have to go out and work, you could literally spend the entire month of February in prayer and meditation, atoning for your misdeeds during the other eleven months of the year.

In ancient Roman religion, Februus was the god of purification. He was also worshipped under the same name by the Etruscans, as the Etruscan god of purification, but also the underworld. For the Etruscans, Februus was also the god of riches (money/gold) and death, both connected to the underworld in the same natural manner as with the better-known Roman god Pluto.

These twilight of winter/ threshold of spring purification activities occurred at about the same time as Lupercalia, a Roman festival in honour of Faun and also the wolf who nursed Romulus and Remus, during which expiatory sacrifices and ritual purifications were also performed. Because of this coincidence, the two gods (Faun and Februus) were often considered the same entity.

The ancient Roman orgiastic festival of Lupercalia, was transformed into St. Valentine by Christianity and then into Valentines Day by the English finally to become dominated by commercial American Greeting Card and Confectionery interests in the 19th Century.

The Queen and Prince Philip are scheduled to visit Rome in the first week of March. This may also have influenced the timing of Ratzinger’s resignation.

http://paganwiccan.about.com/od/imbolcfebruary2/p/Februalia.htm
http://plawiuk.blogspot.co.uk/2008/02/valentines-day-hour-of-wolf.html

Etymology of the word ‘Vatican’

by 5ocietyx

Druids Ovates

The English-Latin noun vates /ˈveɪtiːz/ is a term for a prophet, following the Latin term. It is the origin of the English term ovate for an Irish bard.

In pagan Rome the vates resided on the Vatican Hill, the Hill of the Vatii. Indeed, the Vatican Hill takes it name from the Latin word Vaticanus, a vaticiniis ferendis, in allusion to the oracles, or Vaticinia, which were anciently delivered on the Vatican Hill.

Druids, Vates (or Ovates) and Bards represented the three classes of Celtic priesthood, according to the Ancient Greek writers. Druids played the important role in the Celtic society dealing with magic, religious rites, worship and sacrifices, judicial procedures, literature and language, philosophy, astronomy and medicine. Vates had the role of seers, prophets and performed sacrifices, while Bards were poets and musicians who collected oral traditions, serving to preserve history and spread the fame of brave warriors and kings.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vates
http://www.memoryofstones.eu/2/druids_vates_bards_333035.html

Signs from above: The dove, the lightning bolt and the Pope

by 5ocietyx

Lightning bolt strikes St Peter's dome

Lightning bolt strikes St Peter’s dome on the evening of Pope’s resignation

An electrical storm hit the Vatican City on the evening of Pope Benedict XVI’s shock resignation.  During the storm, a lightning bolt struck the dome on St Peter’s Basilica.

On 26th January 2013 Pope Benedict XVI released a dove of peace from a balcony window at the Vatican.

Pope releases dove

Pope releases dove

Pope-dove1

Pope-dove2
It was summarily attacked by a seagull.

Pope Palpatine’s resignation is highly irregular to say the least. In fact, it is unprecedented.  He becomes the first pope in history to resign ostensibly for health reasons.

Embroiled in the Catholic church hierarchies  cover up and facilitation of decades of child abuse by priests  (who knows maybe the Catholic church has abused children since its inception) some analysts are speculating that something very big is on the horizon.

For the past several months, Benjamin Fulford and David Wilcock have been documenting a wave of top level arrests and resignations occurring primarily in the banking world (which the Vatican is obviously a part of in any case). Fulford asserts that the Strauss Kahn affair and even the Savile scandal are part of a concerted effort by the ‘white-hats’ and secret societies in Asia to remove the new world order’s death-grip on the world.

Some people are inevitably referring to the ‘Prophecy of the Popes’ and fear that his resignation is paving the way for the anti-christ. With Cardinal Peter Turkson, who is currently president of the Council for Justice and Peace in the Vatican City, being touted as a contender to replace Ratzinger some are speculating that were he to be elected the first black white Pope then he would fit the ‘Peter the Roman’ description who is prophesied to be the last ever pope who follows the penultimate one – Benedict.

“In the last persecution of the Holy Roman Church, Peter the Roman will hold the see (lit. “sit”), who will pasture his sheep in many tribulations: and when these things are finished, the city of seven hills [Rome] will be destroyed, and the terrible judge will judge his people. The End.” Prophesy of the Popes by Saint Malachy

Others will see the Pope himself as representing an aspect of the anti-christ and his resignation paves the way for the Second Coming of the Christ.

According to Benjamin Creme, with the re-appearance of Maitreya and externalisation of the hierarchy, Jesus Christ himself will take over the throne of St Peter and unite Christianity to rediscover its true Christian teachings far removed from the power and glory of Catholic wealth accumulation and Pope Benedict could be the last ever pope.

At the 5ociety X, we will be closely monitoring developments as these historic events unfold in the coming weeks.

http://suite101.com/article/jesus-and-catholicism-a199751

Windows Chi Ro

by 5ocietyx

Windows XP

Windows XP

The Chi Rho, Christogram is a monogram constructed from the first two letters of Christ in Greek (ΧΡιστοs/Christos).

In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Chi Rho Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO ERIS, meaning “In this sign you will be the victor.” He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor. He also made Christianity the official religion of the empire.

Constantine coin from ancient Rome

Constantine coin from ancient Rome

In  2000 AD William Gates III had the same vision as emperors in days gone by and continued his pursuit of making the Windows Programme, a sophisticated yet flawed mind control platform,  the thought mode of choice for human civilisation. Part of his over-arching policy was making Microsoft American English an enforced standard language across the interwebz.

As with the fall of the Roman Empire, the Microsoft Empire is currently in a slow but inevitable decline.

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=chi%20rho

Washington DC, or Rome?

by 5ocietyx

Circular debate.

The area which eventually became Washington, District of Columbia was originally known as Rome.

‘The community was part of the ten mile square tract of land which would become the American capital Washington, D.C., and its owner, Daniel Carroll, transferred the community to the federal government after the amendment to the United States Constitution sanctioning the building of the new United States capital city was ratified.

Daniel Carroll was the chairman of a three-man commission appointed by President George Washington to find a suitable location for the capital city. A signer of theDeclaration of Independence, Daniel Carroll was a Roman Catholic educated by Jesuits in Maryland and France. His brother John Carroll became the first Catholic bishop in America, presiding over the See of Baltimore, which included Washington, D.C. John Carroll also founded Georgetown University.’

taken from  –

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rome%2C_Maryland

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