Society X

the Great Universe

Tag: Human

Evolution: was man gibbon a second chance?

by 5ocietyx

what follows is a piece Stan Gooch wrote 35 years ago regarding human origins.

‘Chimpanzees and gorillas both have very heavy brow ridges. Gibbons also have these, but to a noticeably lesser extent. Orangs do not have them. The infants of all ape species have them in much less degree than the parents. In fact the young of all primates look a good deal more human than the adults. For my own money, the young of the gibbon look most human of all.

Baby gibbon

The young of apes look more human because further back in evolutionary time the adult ancestors of these primates were more human. The eighteen-week-old chimpanzee foetus looks quite amazingly human. These creatures have become more ape-like, after an initially closer start to ourselves, an example of devolution. A second, more important point is that young apes look more like us because we have managed to play one of nature’s oldest tricks – that of preserving child-like characteristics into adult life. This process is called neotony and is one of nature’s commonest methods of continuing the evolution of a species, in particular for backing it out of a dead-end. We have, for example, the flat face of the baby chimp, gorilla and gibbon, not the jutting muzzle of the adult. The process of neotony is central to any understanding of man’s evolution, and in particular to my own views.

another baby gibbon

One last word in favour of gibbons. Bernard Campbell states significantly: ‘The evidence for brachiation in man’s ancestry accumulates.’ Of course, with this statement Campbell does not mean to indicate the gibbon as such. Yet, the gibbon is the master brachiator.’

Taken from –

pages 34-35 of The Neanderthal Question (1977), by Stan Gooch

Ancient Mariners: Did Neanderthals Sail to Mediterranean?

by 5ocietyx

Interesting article suggesting ‘human’ remains found on distant islands may have been a result of paleolithic hominid exploration.

‘Recently, research has hinted that seafarers may have made their way out to the Mediterranean islands even earlier, long before the Neolithic, and not only to isles close to the mainland, but to more distant ones as well, such as Crete.

For instance, stone artifacts on the southern Ionian Islands hint at human sites there as early as 110,000 years ago. Investigators have also recovered quartz hand-axes, three-sided picks and stone cleavers from Crete that may date back about 170,000 years ago. The distance of Crete about 100 miles (160 kilometers) from the mainland would have made such a sea voyage no small feat.

The exceedingly old age of these artifacts suggests the seafarers who made them might not even been modern humans, who originated between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago. Instead, they might have been Neanderthals or perhaps even Homo erectus…

… Although the idea that extinct human lineages possessed such advanced mental capabilities might be controversial, ancient seafaring has been seen elsewhere in the world. For instance, Australia was colonized at least 50,000 years ago, while fossils in Indonesia suggest that an extinct lineage of humans was seafaring as long ago as 1.1 million years.

“If the ancient finds in the Mediterranean can be verified, they will show that Homo erectus or Neanderthals or both had the skills and cognitive ability to build boats and navigate them,” Simmons said.’

taken from –

http://www.livescience.com/24810-neanderthals-sailed-mediterranean.html

When One become two

by 5ocietyx

Always two there is…

This report from 2006 suggested humanity would eventually divide into two species; one race, tall, athletic and attractive, and the other squat, ‘dim-witted’ and ugly.

‘Evolutionary theorist Oliver Curry of the London School of Economics expects a genetic upper class and a dim-witted underclass to emerge.

The human race would peak in the year 3000, he said – before a decline due to dependence on technology.

People would become choosier about their sexual partners, causing humanity to divide into sub-species, he added.’

Is this a far cry (albeit in reverse) from evolutionary theorist Stan Gooch’s ideas about our origins? In fact, the descriptions used in the BBC piece could quite easily be of Cro-Magnon and Neanderthal man: The tall, athletic, ‘intelligent’ and attractive (to whom?) Homo Sapiens, and the short, dark, cave-dwelling Neanderthals, ancient foes still alive in the breast of one species, constantly at war with itself, both mentally and socially.

Gooch maintained that the final solution to the internal tug-o-war created by our hybridization would be genetic manipulation of the species. Through technology we would discover a way to eradicate our dual nature,  to divide Dr Jeckle from Mr Hyde once and for all. In some ways it would be the end of the humanity we know, but perhaps in other ways, it would be a fresh start. Without the constant battle between Ego and Self perhaps we could end the thousands of years of senseless warfare and enforced partition that have blighted the books of history since our time begun.

taken from –

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/6057734.stm

The heretic Stan Gooch vindicated (again)?

by 5ocietyx

In what seems like an almost verbatim retelling of the outcast researcher Stan Gooch’s theory of our evolution, anthropologists claim to have discovered the first Cro-Magnon/Neanderthal hybrid in Northern Italy. The skeletal remains are currently being analysed, but it is suspected that they individual lived 30 – 40, 000 years ago.

‘The genetic analysis shows that the individual’s mitochondrial DNA is Neanderthal. Since this DNA is transmitted from a mother to her child, the researchers conclude that it was a “female Neanderthal who mated with male Homo sapiens.”….The research team hints that the modern humans may have raped female Neanderthals, bringing to mind modern cases of “ethnic cleansing.” (ed. was this the first battle for Europe? See also Biblical account in Genesis of sons of God and daughters of the Earth)

For those who aren’t aware of Stan Gooch’s work, here is a very brief summary of his Hybrid-Origin theory, taken from his 1979 book ‘Guardians of the Ancient Wisdom’:

  1. From other human species, Cro-Magnon man evolves in Northern India during a long period of isolation, develops and practices sun worship and hunting magic; the culture is patriarchal.
  2. Elsewhere during the same period, different forms of Neanderthal evolve in Europe and the Middle East, while moon worship and earth magic is developed and practiced; the culture is matriarchal.
  3. Around 35,000 years ago, Cro-Magnon abandons India and heads west through the Middle East into Europe, overrunning Neanderthal. By 25,000 years ago, the predominant type in Europe is Cro-Magnon.
  4. In the Middle East a hybrid population, a cross between the Cro-Magnon and Neanderthal types, emerges. Pure Neanderthal has largely ceased to exist either here or in Europe.
  5. By 15,000 years ago, pure Cro-Magnon man has also ceased to exist, driven out of north and west Europe, into southern Europe, by renewed glaciation, absorbed by the hybrid type (that is, modern Homo sapiens).

So it looks like the late maverick Gooch is yet again vindicated, but not officially recognized for his years of tireless research, but then, what else would you expect?

taken from –

http://news.discovery.com/human/evolution/neanderthal-skeleton-provides-evidence-of-interbreeding-with-humans-130327.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stan_Gooch

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